Māsarjawaih was one of the earliest Jewish physicians in the Arab world, and the earliest translator from the Syriac; he lived in Basra about 683 . His name, distorted, has been transmitted in European sources; it has not yet been satisfactorily explained. Neuda compares the name "Masarjawaih" with the Hebrew proper name "Mesharsheya"; but the ending "-waih" points to a Persian origin. The form "Masarjis" has been compared with the Christian proper name "Mar Serjis"; but it is not known that Masarjis embraced either Christianity or Islam.
Masarjawaih's son, who also was a translator, and was the author of two treatises , was called "'Isa", that is, "Jesus"; which name, of course, points to the fact that this son had been converted to Christianity.
Masarjawaih translated the medical Pande...