John Wayne( May 26, 1907 - June 11, 1979 )
Marion Mitchell Morrison , known professionally as John Wayne and nicknamed Duke, was an American actor, director, and producer. An Academy Award-winner for True Grit , Wayne was among the top box office draws for three decades.
Born in Winterset, Iowa, Wayne grew up in Southern California. He found work at local film studios when he lost his football scholarship to the University of Southern California as a result of a bodysurfing accident. Initially working for the Fox Film Corporation, he mostly appeared in small bit parts. His first leading role came in Raoul Walsh's The Big Trail , which led to leading roles in numerous B movies throughout the 1930s, many of them in the Western genre.
Wayne's career took off in 1939, with John Ford's Stagecoach making him an instant star. He went on...